Myths And Misconceptions About Magic Mushrooms And Psilocybin

488497976Among all mushroom varieties, the Magic mushroom has acquired a notoriety that is partly tragic and counter cultural as well. In the ’60s, this mushroom variety was widely used by baby boomers to get high in the same breath as LSD and acid. Nevertheless, Magic mushrooms are rightly renowned as highly poisonous. Read on for more on the myths and misconceptions that have developed around psilocybin.

Magic Mushroom Effects

Magic mushrooms contain a psychoactive compound called psilocybin. After ingestion, this indole alkaloid induces euphoria, a heightened sense of creativity, ability to access profound wisdom, and boundless energy. In addition, it causes one to experience a completely different world that consists of colorful and vivid geometric scenes and patterns.

In spite of this, these effects have been portrayed inaccurately in films such as Shrooms and Tenacious D and the Pick of Destiny. In general, movie directors tend to portray characters who consume mushrooms that contain psilocybin as young teens or adults who indulge in binge drinking, sex orgies, and any activity categorized as societal rebellion. In comparison, mainstream media outlets paint a completely different and positive picture when discussing psilocybin’s psychedelic effects. For instance, they trumpet its medical properties and efficiency in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder, alcohol and opiate addiction, as well as cluster headaches.

Another common myth revolves around life-threatening and terrifying experiences after ingesting psilocybin. A good example is a character in Shrooms who suffers a seizure after taking a psychoactive mushroom.This is twisting reality to fit a certain entertainment narrative because psilocybin does not cause seizures in adults, maybe children.

Yet another misconception is psilocybin immerses one in nothing more than a comedic stupor. Once again, this is a distorted portrayal of psilocybin’s effects in pursuit of entertainment value and impact. In reality, psilocybin ingestion can increase emotional awareness, self-knowledge and awareness, as well as mystical religious experiences. Nevertheless, it is not advisable to consume Magic mushrooms while alone. You should do so with minders around.

The Magic mushroom has gained notoriety around many parts of the developed world thanks to its ability to induce intense and mystical psychedelic experiences. As a result, numerous myths and misconceptions have developed over the years associating this mushroom with rebellious countercultures, seizures, and comedic experiences.


Meth Lab Injuries Reportedly On The Rise


The easiest drugs to make are methamphetamine, commonly referred to as meth. They are easy to cook since the ingredients can be purchased over the counter. The preparation procedure is also relatively simple, but can be extremely dangerous since the fumes and compounds produced are hazardous. A recent study in the United States has revealed that hundreds of people have been hospitalized over the years while others have died as a result of respiratory ailments and chemical burns associated with illegal Meth labs.

Meth Lab Injuries

Meth use is always increasing especially among the youth. It’s one of the easiest and most affordable ways to get high, but not always the safest. After all, many teenagers have overdosed on meth in the past. The dangers of meth use are well documented, but many people are not aware of the risks associated with meth production.
A recent study covering five states – New York, Utah, Oregon, Wisconsin and Louisiana – revealed that 162 people were seriously injured from the year 2001 to 2012. According to a report by the CDC, out of the 162 injuries, 42 were law enforcement, 26 were children while 7 were firefighters.

Measures to Curb Meth Production

The best way to clamp down on meth production is to make it hard, or impossible, for “cooks” to access over-the-counter ingredients for making meth. In 2005, many states had already passed legislation to restrict access to ingredients. For a while, those restrictions worked and led to a drop in the number of meth lab injuries. In 2008, however, meth producers found ways to go around the law and access restricted ingredients. They also invented the dangerous “shake and bake” meth cooking method. As a result, the number of injuries spiked once again.
Over the last two decades, meth producers have found innovative ways to cook meth. For instance, they use ingredients such as pseudoephedrine and ephedrine, which are found in cold and flu medication.
In 2005, authorities passed laws to regulate cold and cough medication. However, meth “cooks”, again, found a way to circumvent the law. For instance, they used fake names and purchased legal quantities of the ingredients from multiple locations.

While it may seem like meth producers are always going to win, a regional approach to fighting meth production and use is seen as one of the most effective ways of containing the problem.

What Is Acamprosate For Alcohol Addiction Treatment?


Acamprosate (or calcium acetyl homotaurinate) is known to be a safe and effective drug for treating alcohol addiction. It reduces alcohol cravings and it is often prescribed for up to 12 months after a person stops drinking.

How does Acamprosate work?

Basically, Acamprosate lowers alcohol craving by moderating and normalizing brain activity, especially after a period of alcohol dependence—notably by relieving post acute withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, and restlessness. Scientifically, the human body constantly seeks some form of balance. There is an equilibrium that exists in the brain, especially between the glutamate and aspartate (the excitatory neurotransmitters) and gaba and taurine (or the inhibitory neurotransmitters).

When a person drinks, glutamate is decreased as a way of increasing the inhibition process to counter the sedative effects of alcohol. During the process of drinking, neuroadaption occurs to try and maintain the brain balance—up-regulation or an increase in the number of NMDA receptors occurs resulting into overall balance of the brain. However, once a person was dependent on alcohol withdraws, the brain experiences an increase in the amounts of glutamate, resulting into hyperactivity of the central nervous system. Acamprosate is believed to work by inhibiting the NMDA receptors and activating GABA receptors. It is thought to bind on the glutamate receptors, hindering their release, hence lowering the level of excitation or withdrawal.

Acamprosate Effectiveness

Acamprosate is more effective when used as a component of comprehensive management program that includes adept physiological support. Although it can help you avoid cravings in the first 3-12 months of quitting alcohol, it shouldn’t replace counseling. To make the prescription more effective, it is pertinent to continue counseling so as to increase your chances of long term sobriety. Additionally, the drug shouldn’t be discontinued simply because a patient slips or relapses. Nonetheless, there are instances when the Acamprosate medication may not work for you. For instance, it should be used for lactating or pregnant women only when the benefits outweigh the potential risk to the infant or fetus. For more alcohol addiction treatment tips, clinical studies, reviews, and general information on the scientific aspects of Acamprosate, feel free to follow us.

Fantasy Football Can Lead To A Gambling Addiction


Addiction can come in many forms. Substance abuse is the most commonly known but people can also succumb to unhealthy habits that can be detrimental to their lives. These may seem harmless at first but the effects gradually make it clear that the passion has turned into obsession. Such is sometimes the case with fantasy football which is a highly popular hobby among sports fans.

What is Fantasy Football?

With fantasy football, a person can build his own virtual dream team based on the current players in the NFL. Those who have time create several teams which they manage all at the same time. They score points based on real life events and compete with other teams for bragging rights or cold hard cash. The competitive nature of this hobby drives people become better managers. They are careful to select the best players available during drafts and make strategic choices when it comes to trades.

Getting Serious about the Game

The complexity of the tasks involved makes it an all-consuming hobby for those who are serious about winning in their fantasy leagues. There is endless analysis of the post-game statistics and regular browsing of the latest news. They need to know who is injured, who is performing well, who is on a slump, and so on. This can leave little time to attend to important life duties at school or at work. There are enthusiasts that end up having failed relationships as a direct cause of their fantasy football addiction. Their workplace productivity can suffer as well which endangers their career.

Detrimental Effects on Health and Finance

The most avid fans rarely get to sleep regularly as they feel a compulsion to constantly check for updates on their teams. The emotional investment can also result in a worrying elevation of blood pressure during games. Those play primary for gambling may get into trouble if they continue to lose money. Some dip into their savings and getting into fights with their family. People must know when to stop to prevent this.

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9 Common Substance-Induced Disorders

Substance abuse triggers symptoms similar to mental illnesses and are known as substance induced disorders. The disorders vary depending on the type and toxins found in the substance. Here are 9 substance induced disorders explained:


This is feelings of confusion, restlessness or hallucination. Alcohol is one substance that when abused will cause delirium symptoms. People who overdose on cocaine or amphetamines may also experience temporal delirium.

Persisting Dementia

One suffers impaired reasoning and in several cases personality changes. Alcohol is one of the known substances that changes people’s behavior and personality, especially when feeling ‘high’. Persisting dementia may also be a present symptom in people abusing cocaine or amphetamines.

Amnestic Disorder

This disorder is manifested as memory loss, loss of the ability to create new memories or learn new information. An individual may suffer temporary amnestic disorder after over indulgence in alcohol. The individual suffers memory loss until dysphoria clears away. It is the same symptom that manifest in individuals doping with amphetamines, cocaine or sedatives.

Psychotic Disorder

People suffering from psychotic disorder lose touch with reality and cannot reason normally. Cocaine abuse is one drug with psychotic disorder symptoms and the victim may go overboard and turn violent. Psychosis may manifest much later in life when an individual becomes heavily hooked on sedatives or alcoholic substances.


Anxiety comes out as too much fear or worrying over something. Anxiety disorders are present in individual hooked on alcohol, caffeine, opioids and sedatives. Anxiety may manifest as an early symptom, especially in caffeine abuse, or may show up later during withdrawal as the case with alcohol, opioids and sedatives.


Moodiness sometimes comes out as depression in other people. Alcohol, nicotine, sedatives and opioids are some of the substances that create this order. The person may lose their mood before taking the drug, after taking the drug, or when suffering withdrawal symptoms.

Hallucinogen Persisting Perceptual Disorder

This disorder affects someone’s visual ability in that they start seeing things that are not real. One may hallucinate when experiencing euphoria or being ‘high’, a symptom common when abusing alcohol, sedatives and opioids.

Sexual Dysfunction

Poor sexual performance may appear in persons heavily abusing alcohol, sedatives or other intoxicating substances.

Sleep Disorder

Abuse of opioids, sedatives and alcohol will trigger sleep disorder and restlessness when the problem is not controlled in time.

These are some of the common substance-induced disorders often confused as mental illness. Note that symptoms of the substance-induced disorders ranges from mild anxiety and depression to full-blown psychotic reactions.

What Is The Addiction Ripple Effect?

drug alcohol addiction ripple effectThe addiction ripple effect on a nation runs in the hundreds of billions of dollars in terms of health care costs, crime and lost productivity alone. However, the economic costs cannot even begin to describe the emotional cost of drug and alcohol addiction. Every addict’s behavior has a negative effect on loved ones and other people in close proximity. Addiction is a public health issue due to the ripple effect it has on society as a whole.

Addicts often engage in behavior that negatively affects the following:

• Family life
• Employment
• Relationships or marriage
• Education
• Health
• Legal status
• Finances
• Personality

The people most affected by a drug or alcohol addict’s actions are usually parents, spouses and children. Those affected experience the ripple effect in financial, emotional and physical consequences. They suffer impairment due to ongoing exposure to an addict’s actions, which in turn affect their own ability to live normal lives and function efficiently.

Frustration, stress, despondency and anger conspire to alter their relationships with other people outside their home. Confusing and mixed signals from the addict may even cause the codependent partner or child to question the motives and reliability of other people, which can affect outside relationships.

Given the number of people addicted to alcohol and drugs, estimated at more than 25 million, and the probability that each person actively engaged in addiction directly affects at least several lives, it is easy to see why up to a third of the population is either a secondary or primary victim of addiction. The negative effects inherent in drug and alcohol addiction affect society at all levels and radiate into communities.

Due to the ripple effects of addiction, most addiction treatment and counseling centers include family therapy as part of their core treatment program. Understanding addiction needs insight into a group dynamic or environment that may enable, foster or ignore addiction. Support groups exist to offer guidance and solace to anyone affected by addiction in any way.

Kids of addicts are often most severely affected by their parent’s behavior. Sadly, such kids are statistically at greater risks of falling into the same trap themselves. This is partly due to the predisposition to substance abuse and dependency. However, long-term exposure to the actions of an addict sets up stress, dysfunction and other factors that may further put a child’s future at risk.

It is therefore important to educate kids about addiction, because the more they know about the disease, the more they will understand what their parent or sibling is going through – and the better their chances of minimizing the addiction ripple effect.

What To Expect From Cocaine Withdrawal


What can people expect from cocaine withdrawal? That depends on the person, but generally speaking there are a few things people can expect. Some of these things include:

Most people who suffer from cocaine withdrawals crave the drug. Usually people who are addicted to this drug will crave it in order to reduce other withdrawal symptoms associated with cocaine. For some people, the cravings will be mild and they may be able to not succumb to them, but for others, the cravings may be too strong and they will find it difficult to sustain from the drug.

Mood Swings
Mood swings are usually expected from those who are experiencing withdrawal symptoms from cocaine. A person’s mood will usually swing from depressed to anxious to feeling angry or irritable, but once the person passes the withdrawal stages, then the mood swings tend to disappear.

Feeling fatigued is another thing that is expected when going through withdrawals. The fatigue feeling can be quite intense, meaning that a person may feel tired all the time while they are going through withdrawals. Cocaine can increase a person’s energy levels by a lot, therefore a person who has used a lot of the drug, may end up feeling extremely tired when they come off of it.

Erratic Sleep Patterns
Another common thing that is expected are erratic sleep patterns. People who are coming off of the drug or have recently come off of it may find that they have problems sleeping at night, going to bed and some people may have very vivid dreams, as well as dreams that are not pleasant. A lot of people end up developing insomnia or hypersomnia.

Those are just a few of the things that are associated with cocaine withdrawal. There are many other symptoms that people may experience, but those are some of the most common ones. If you found this article to be helpful, then we invite you to follow us for more info, as well as resources on drug abuse and treatment. You will find the info we provide to be helpful and useful.